Wildlife and birds




A few examples of the animals that can be found in Nepal include:

Bengal tiger (Panthera tigris) – Largest of the cat family, tigers can be found in Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park in the Terai. They mainly prey on large game such as sambar deer, wild pig or gaur. Opportunist predators, they also kill smaller animals and occasionally livestock. Tigers are nocturnal and solitary except during the breeding season and when females are with cubs. Highly territorial, a male typically need about 50 square kilometers of subtropical forest. Since they need a large area, they face the threat of habitat fragmentation and loss. It is estimated that there are about 50 resident tigers in Chitwan and about 30 in Bardia. Juveniles and non-resident tigers sometimes move between Chitwan and India, which lays not far to the south. They are especially threatened by poaching, as tiger parts and products are highly valued for medicinal properties. Tigers are endangered (IUCN).

Common or spotted leopard (Panthera pardus fusca) – This highly adaptable big cat often comes close to villages where they prey on stray dogs, chicken, goats and farm animals. They are solitary and nocturnal, and their tracks can be seen along the trails. They prey on birds, monkeys, deer, reptiles and jackals, in addition to domestic animals. Leopards are very good tree climbers and often drag their kill up to the trees. They are good swimmers and their main enemy is the tiger. They are not only restricted to forest and can survive in open country among rocks and scrubland. Near Threatened (IUCN)

Asian elephant (Elephas maximas) –The Asian elephant is the largest land mammal in Asia. They are highly social, living in large herds of related females and young. Males are often found individually and when solitary, can be especially dangerous. Mating takes place usually during the monsoon and gestation lasts 20 months or so, with one single calf normally being born. Elephants can live as long as 70 years or more and they live in forest and grasslands, being partial to bamboo forests. It is possible to see wild elephants in Chitwan, Bardia and Parsa Wildlife Reserve, though you are more likely to see domesticated elephants that ferry visitors around the parks on elephant safaris. They face many conservation threats from poaching, habitat destruction, migration route disruption and human-wildlife conflict. Asian elephants are listed as endangered (IUCN).

One-horned rhinoceros (Rhinoceros unicornis) – Chitwan is one of the last refuges of the rare one-horned rhinoceros, though some were reintroduced to Bardia from Chitwan National Park in 1986. Maybe only 2,500 exist in the world, with the most living in Chitwan and Kaziranga National Park in Assam, India. The rhino has a single horn set on top of the snout, which is believed to possess supernatural healing powers. This makes it very vulnerable to poachers, as the horn is sought after by hunters and manufacturers of traditional medicine. They are nocturnal and normally solitary, but can sometimes be seen in herds. Females are very protective of their young and may attack when threatened. They follow regular paths through dense grass when foraging and live where there is marshy vegetation, grassland and wooded meadows. They are seriously threatened by poaching and habitat loss and are listed as an endangered species (IUCN).

Gharial crocodile (Gavialis gangeticus ) – The gharial crocodile has a long slender snout and eats fish. An endangered species, there are breeding centers at Chitwan and Bardia National Park that release young gharials successfully into the wild. Marsh mugger crocodiles also live here.

Sloth bear (Melursus ursinus) – These are distinguished from black bears by their shaggy blackish or brownish or reddish coat, and are about the size of a large dog. Although quite small, they have a reputation for being very dangerous. They use their long claws to dig for termites. Mainly nocturnal, they spend most of the night rummaging for food. They can smell buried food and climb trees to get honey or fruit. Sloth bears inhabit grasslands, thorn scrub, sal forest and mixed evergreen forest. They are a threatened species (IUCN).

In addition, there are several species of deer such as swamp deer, hog deer, black buck, samba deer, barking deer; monkeys (rhesus macaques and langurs), bison, wild boar, bear and many rodents, wild cats and dogs – in fact over 50 species of mammals can be found in Nepal.


Nepal is a birdwatcher’s paradise, with 865 species recorded as resident or visiting. Around half these can be seen within the Kathmandu Valley, and over 530 varieties can be sighted in places like Chitwan, especially during the winter migratory season.

March to May is the main nesting season and the best time to sight birds. Migratory birds arrive in the Terai in February and March on their way from Siberia. The best places for bird watching are in the Terai at Kosi Tappu Wildlife Reserve, Chitwan National Park and Bardia National Park.

Nepal’s national bird, the Himalayan monal, is a pheasant with beautiful blue plumage. This can be sighted while trekking in the mountain areas. While trekking through the forests, you might see the little brown spiny babbler, Nepal’s only endemic species. Endangered birds include the Bengal florican, lesser florican, silver-eared mesia and Sarus crane.






We Allocate 10% of net profit in social cause. The allocated fund will be expense in Environment, Education and Health. Scholarship is provided to poor but intelligent students of the country. We support to the poor sick people who can not pay for their treatment. We participate in the nature and culture conservation campaign organized by various organizations.

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